How to differentiate between Hazards & Risks at workplaces

How to differentiate between Hazards & Risks at workplaces

Once if you get an urge to know the difference between “Hazard” and “Risk”, “Your career on health and safety is already started”.

It’s meaningless to boost without proper justification:

Before the commencement of in depth knowledge about hazard and risk, Let us know the definition well.


Anything or something which has potential to cause harm.


The Combination of likelihood of occurrence and the resulting severity if it occurs.

Do you think that memorizing the definitions will make you to succeed in this platform?

Certainly not expect examination point of view.

The concept behind hazard and risk are as follows:

Anything object, activity, process, which has the ability to induce,

Injuries to someone.

Damage of equipment/Machines.

Environmental damage, also be consider as hazard.

Following are some examples of hazards,

Sharp material may harm someone by puncturing.

Plastics, anenvironmental pollutant.

Improperly or badly protected electric panel may damage the insulation and the cause of mal function of electrical apparatus,those should be considered as a hazard.

So, what’s risk?

As examined above, the risk is the Combo of, Chance of injuries, damage, ruin, pollution to occur and the potential severity if it does

Conclusion will be,

Every single hazard has its level of risk associated.

Risk is the possibility for hazard, tend to harm the level of harm that can occur.

According to working atmosphere, the level of risk varies. It may be explained with the following example

As already given example the sharp objects should be considered as a hazard, but the level of risk depends on the case that exist

sharp material in the mid of walk way where the people interference is more

Sharp material in a corner, where no one to interfere.

Corrosive & protruding sharp materials into a walkway.

Sharp material which has no corrosion and it is at surface level.

Sharp material in the child care home.

sharp material in the waste bin

As the Hazard is the same i.e. Sharp material, but the level of risk (possible cause of harm & the potential severity) varies to the circumstance.

For clarity:

The sharp material in mid of walk way has higher risk than the sharp material in the corner, because there is possibility of getting harm is high.

The corroded sharp material has higher risk when compared to the sharp material which is not corrosive, as there is increased severity due to infection.

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